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Potsdam's Gardens

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Havel, 24 kilometers southwest of Berlin’s city center. It is a great day trip outside of the city and not to be confused with Potsdamer Platz, which is a square in Berlin.

Potsdam acquired some importance when the Great Elector of Brandenburg, Frederick William (1620-88) established his residence there. Potsdam housed a small garrison from 1640 onwards; the site's military function was strengthened by the young Prussian monarchy. Potsdam changed under the power of Frederick II the Great (1712-86) who wanted to establish a 'Prussian Versailles', next to the garrison town, which was to be his main residence. Landscape architect Peter Joseph Lenné united the various palaces and parks of Potsdam into a unique park landscape and it was designated as a "world cultural heritage site" by UNESCO in 1990. Sanssouci Park is the most popular attraction in Potsdam. It is the result of many influences from Italy, England, Flanders, Paris and Dresden.

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